Chio Island, Mastica drops, coming out of the bark incisions, settle at the foot of the lentiscus tree, ready to be collected.
The Mastìff (in Greek μαστίχα) and a resin obtained from the lentisco (Pistacia lentiscus). In pharmacies and shops of natural products is called "arabic gum" (not to be confused with the common gum arabic) and "yemen gum". In Greece, and known as the "Chios Tears", it is traditionally obtained in that Greek island and, like other natural resins, produced in "tears" or droplets. Originally in liquid state, it is then dried in the sun in fragile and translucent hard resin drops. Once chewed, the resin softens and becomes a brilliant and opaque white gum. The taste and bitterness at first, but during chewing it gives a refreshing taste, like pine or cedar. From the lentic resin in Greece, chewing gums, toothpastes, liqueurs, ice creams, as a main product or as an ingredient are obtained. In Turkey it is used for dondurma (Turkish ice cream).
lies in the fact that only in Chios the lentis has this type of secretion. In spite of being spread all over the Mediterranean and trying to produce it in other places at other times, the result has always been negative. Naturally, legends and superstitions abound in matter, there is no lack of religious character that justifies this own true "tear" with the suffering of the plants at the passage of martyrdom of St. Isidore. The scientific explanation brings the phenomenon to the particular microclimate of the south of the island, to the limestone characteristic of the soil, but above all to the presence of a submerged volcano in the sea section in front of the island. In addition to its particularity, Chios Mastica has in fact therapeutic and digestive properties. Hippocrates himself advised to use both to get healthy teeth and gums with rubbing in the mouth of a twig of the plant, and for a scented breath by chewing a drop, or rather, a tear of the plant. and is also indicated in the treatment of stomach pathologies and, in particular, of ulcers. Currently Chios Mastica has obtained a name of controlled origin and is marketed by the cooperative that encloses all the producing villages (ELMA). Its use range from cosmetics to pharmacology, including gastronomy, especially pastry, and liquor production. Numerous clinical trials (Huwez FU, Thirlwell D, Cockayne A, Ala'Aldeen DAA, Mastic gum kills Helicobacter pylori New England Journal of Medicine 1998; 339 (26): 1946) have shown that Mastica inhibits or eradicates Helicobacter pylori as other bacteria and fungi.
The beneficial effects on the body of Mastica, a real organic product, are found in chewing gum produced at Chio, by the ELMA cooperative. Presented for the first time in Italy by Studio Byblos to the consumer, in two types:
Sugar free: pure sugar (5%), without sugar, for those who want to taste the particular taste of the Mastica without adding other aromas.
Dental: Mastic pure (5%), sugar-free with fluorine addition. Formula specially designed for oral hygiene and oral disinfection.